...of the two European satellite navigation programs Galileo and EGNOS (GPS signal augmentation) for the period 2014-2020. The Commission proposes to earmark 7.0 billion euros to guarantee the completion of the EU satellite navigation infrastructure and to ensure the exploitation of the systems until 2020, such as the operations of the space and terrestrial infrastructures, the necessary replenishment/replacement activities, certification procedures, and notably the provision of services. The proposal also recalls that the Union remains the owner of the systems. Therefore, the management of the programs' exploitation should be delegated to the European GNSS Agency while management of the programs' deployment should be delegated to the European Space Agency.
Galileo will allow users to know their exact position in time and space, just like GPS, but with greater precision and reliability. Galileo is the pProgramme of the European Union to develop a global satellite navigation system under European civilian control. It will be compatible and, for some of its services, interoperable with the American GPS and Glonass (Russia), but independent from them.
In 2014 Galileo will offer three services:
- The Open Service (free of charge)
- The Public Regulated Service (ensures that key services such as the police and ambulance services, continue to function in moments of crisis)
- The Search-and-Rescue Service (in times of emergency, for example a sailor lost at sea)
The EU system and those from China, the United States, Russia, Japan and India are compatible, but this requires constant discussions with each nation and within a UN context. Norway participates and has contributed to the funding of the program, and there are on-going negotiations with Switzerland.