Led by Airbus, JUICE is a European Space Agency (ESA) deep space mission to study the icy moons of Jupiter.
The objectives are to explore the atmosphere and magnetosphere of the moons and investigate whether there are liquid oceans suitable for habitation under the thick icy crusts of moon Ganymede.
The radar for icy moons exploration (RIME) antenna will play a key role in the expedition. It is designed for the frequency range from 7.5 MHz to 10.5 MHz. This low frequency is needed to penetrate the surface of Jupiter's moons up to nine kilometers deep. The RIME antenna was recently subjected to a series of tests to verify its simulation data and measure its radiation pattern under conditions similar to those on board the probe.
The tests were carried out at an airfield near the Airbus facility in Friedrichshafen, Germany, where the test crew assessed the RIME instrument's 16.6 m antenna in various flight configurations. A helicopter lifted a mock up of the space probe up to 320 meters in the air. The mock-up housed the transmitter, while the two test receivers, each with an RF receive antenna, remained on the ground. The helicopter flew the mock up around the two receiving stations to collect the data needed to calculate the antenna's radiation pattern. Rohde & Schwarz provided the ESA with the measured raw data.
Rohde & Schwarz provided two R&S ESR EMI test receivers to measure the antenna's radiation pattern during these tests. Uwe Körber of the Test and Measurement Division's sales team at Rohde & Schwarz explained that when the company analyzed the measurement task, it quickly became clear that a basic spectrum analyzer wouldn't deliver the required performance — a real time spectrum analyzer was required. Due to the unknown environmental conditions of the measurements, the company decided to use two R&S ESR analyzers BECAUSE they have an additional pre-selection feature.